Students will be expected to present a section of the readings in logic and fallacious argumentation either independently or in a group. Student presentations will follow alphabetical order according to last names. Groups will present according to the order of the participant whose name starts with the earliest letter in the alphabet. We will continue to rotate through the alphabet until all the elements of logical argumentation have been covered. At the end of this time, student knowledge of effective argumentation will be tested. Any students missing presentations will be required to make them up during a lunch period. The order of presentations will be posted as follows:


What is an argument?





Modus ponens

Modus tollens

Disjunctive syllogism

Necessary and sufficient conditions

Deductive reasoning

Inductive reasoning

Strong Induction vs. Weak Induction

Types of Inductive Reasoning




Affirming the consequent

Denying the antecedent

Post Hoc Fallacy

Confusing a Necessary with a Sufficient Condition

Fallacy of four terms

Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise

Fallacy of Composition

Drawing the Wrong Conclusion

Using the Wrong Reasons


Existential fallacy

Fallacy of exclusive premises

Fallacy of Necessity

Illicit major

Illicit minor

Biased sample

Spotlight fallacy

Argument from fallacy

Package-deal fallacy

Ad hominem (types)

Guilt by Association

Genetic fallacy


Hasty Generalization or Insufficient Sample

Misleading vividness

Texas sharpshooter fallacy

Gambler's fallacy

Perfect Solution Fallacy

Overwhelming exception

False Dilemma or False Dichotomy

Association fallacy

Proof by example

Straw man

Fallacy of the single cause

Circular cause and consequence

Begging the question

Fallacies of definition

Appeal to consequences

Leading Question

Argumentum ad baculum or "The Appeal to Force"

Appeal to fear

Argumentum ad populum or "Appeal to the People"

Appeal to flattery

Two wrongs make a right

Appeal to pity

Appeal to ridicule

Wrong Direction or Confusion of Cause and Effect

Slippery Slope or Domino Fallacy

Reductio ad absurdum or "Reduction to the Absurd"

Appeal to probability

Ad nauseam

Argument from ignorance

Appeal to tradition

Appeal to novelty



Fallacy of Division

Loki's Wager

Irrelevant or Questionable Authority

Non sequitur

Appeal to authority

Continuum fallacy

False analogy

Historian's fallacy

Judgmental language

Wishful Thinking

Naturalistic fallacy

Red Herring Fallacy

False attribution

False premise

False Compromise or Fallacy of the Mean

Meaningless statement

Poisoning the well